Root Canals

At Apple Dental Care in Edmonton, our family dentists can save your damaged and infected tooth with root canal treatment. 


What is root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is the process of removing infected, damaged or dead pulp from your tooth.

The space inside the hard layers of each tooth is called the root canal system. This system is filled with soft dental pulp made up of nerves and blood vessels that help your teeth grow and develop.

When bacteria enters your tooth through deep cavities or cracks, your tooth can become abscessed. An abscessed tooth is a tooth with an infection in the pulp. If pulp becomes infected, it needs to be removed. An abscessed tooth may cause pain and/or swelling. If left untreated, an abscessed tooth can cause serious oral health problems.

Is root canal treatment necessary? 

Root canal treatment is necessary if your tooth is damaged and there is a high risk of the nerve becoming infected. In order to save your tooth, this dental treatment is necessary. It is important to understand that tooth decay (i.e. cavities) can result in degradation of your dental structure, and you may lose your tooth if it is not treated promptly. 

What are the benefits of root canal treatment?

  • A root canal relieves severe pain and discomfort. 
  • A root canal is given to a tooth in lieu of a tooth extraction. This means that instead of losing your teeth, you get to salvage it, and enjoy its function in the mouth. 
  • A root canal saves you money and time in the long run.

Is root canal treatment painful?

Root canal treatment is not painful. While there may be some discomfort, any pain is mitigated through the use of anesthesia. 

What are signs that I need root canal treatment?

A simple toothache does not always indicate that root canal treatment is needed. At Apple Dental Care, we advise our patients to pay close attention to damaged teeth that are accompanied with the following symptoms: 

  • Severe Toothache
    One of the biggest signs that your tooth is decaying is a severe recurring toothache. A toothache occurs because the nerves of the tooth are infected.
  • Swelling
    Have you noticed that your gums have swelled and are sensitive? This may indicate that your tooth is severely decayed and the gums are infected.
  • Tooth Discolouration
    When a tooth decays, the colour of the tooth changes to a yellowish shade. Tooth enamel (the outer part of your tooth) is what gives your tooth a white colour shade. However, when your tooth decays, it loses its white colour and the dentin layer inside the tooth, which is a yellowish colour, emerges.

The Root Canal Process 

A root canal treatment can take 2-3 visits, depending on the amount of work required.

The first step is to assess your dental structure. Once the dentist decides that a root canal is required, the treatment begins.

This entails:

Cleaning the Root Canal
Your damaged tooth needs to be cleaned. The decayed tooth, pulp and debris will be removed. A chemical solution is used to wash the area clean.

Temporary Seal
After the tooth is cleaned, the hole in the tooth is sealed using a temporary filling.

Permanent Seal
During your second visit, a permanent seal is put in the tooth. 


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